<--Krishnapaksha Shuklapaksha -->
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To begin with,
I must confess that I am no jyotishi, and no expert on religion or calendars.
In fact the only use I myself have for the Kashmiri calendar is to keep
track of birthdays and anniversaries of relatives and friends, and of some
other festivals peculiar to Kashmiris. I am a rationalist and do
not believe in any superstitions, auspicious dates, and so on.
MonthsThe twelve months of the calendar are (Kashmiri names in italics):
Vaisakh, Jyeshtha, Ashadh, Shravan, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartik, Marg, Paush,
FortnightsEach month has two fortnights: Krishna paksha (Gatta pachh) and Shukla paksha (Zoon pachh). The Gatta pachh is the fortnight when the moon vanes. The day after a full moon is the first day of the Gatta pachh. Two weeks later the Gatta Pachh ends on Amavasya (Mavas) when there is no moon. With the new moon, starts the Shukla Paksha (Zoon Pachh), which ends on the full moon day called Purnima (Punim). Half moon days in each paksha are important and are called Ashtami (A'tham)
Days of the fortnightThe days of the fortnight are:
Prathma, Dwitiya, Tritiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navmi, Dashmi, Ekadashi, Dwadashi, Trayodashi, Chaturdashi, Amavasya/Purnima
(1 Okdoh, 2 Doy, 3 Trey, 4 Tsoram, 5 Pantsam, 6 Sheyam, 7 Sattam, 8 A'tham, 9 Navam, 10 Daham, 11 Kah, 12 Bah, 13 Truvah, 14 Tsodah, 15 Mavas/Punim)
If you look at the calendars on this site, you will see that in most fortnights some days are missing (raavaan). Days which are repeating are called huraan. At times even a month is repeated, for example the month of Jyeshtha (Zeth) in the 1999-2000 AD (2056 Vikrami). In a normal year, the lunar year falls approximately 10 days short of a solar year, so every fourth year, a month is added to compensate the shortfall.
(the new years day) is on Chaitra Shuklapaksha Prathama (Tsitter
Zoonpachh Okdoh), i.e., mid-way through Chaitra.